Beekeeping

The best breeds of laying hens

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The best breed of laying hens is not always easy. Each species has its own egg production, especially the care, maintenance and feeding. The article will discuss the best breeds of laying hens, their personal characteristics and shortcomings.

What are the features of egg hens?

Leghorn breed

The best breeds of laying hens have only one main function, for the sake of which they bred - large, high-quality eggs. Most chickens of the egg direction, which are often carried, have similar characteristics.

  • Body weight rarely reaches 2.5 kg. In the content they are quite profitable, as they eat very little.
  • The rapid development can not please the breeders. By the 140th day, the young were fully developed. And young females can carry eggs even earlier, already from 125-137 days.
  • Externally, chickens and roosters of different breeds are quite similar. They have a well-developed plumage, a large tail and wings, the size of the crest may be different, but it almost always stands for chickens.
  • Most chickens in this direction completely lost maternal instinct. They do not hatch eggs and do not look at the young. Therefore, for breeding it is better to have an incubator in advance and special cages where chickens will be kept until they get stronger.

How to increase the egg production of chickens at home, read - here!

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Description of the best breeds of layers

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Breed Loman Brown

  1. Leggorn - the most common egg-laying species. Weigh very little - 1-2 kg of hens and 2-2.6 kg - of roosters. In the year hen gives about 300 eggs. They easily adapt to different climates, are hardy and fast-growing. One of the characteristics of the breed is that the Leggorn chickens never overeat, but their feed must be nutritious, otherwise the quality of the eggs will suffer greatly. The record for the number of eggs laid in a year is registered for a chicken named Princess, this breed. In 1930, she laid 361 eggs. That is, rushed almost every day!
  2. Isa Brown - French breed, which easily survives in any climate, it is also not very important conditions of detention. Rush from 135 days old. For the year you can get from one chicken 320 eggs weighing 63 g each. The shell is brown in color.
  3. Lohman Brown bear eggs of brown color with a dense shell. For the year, chicken Loman Brown gives up to 320 eggs weighing 60 g. The reproductive age comes early, already at 136 days of life.
  4. Russian white also among the best breeds of laying hens. Carries white eggs weighing 55 g each. Already in the first year of life gives 200 eggs.

    Breed Russian white

  5. Hisex differ excellent health. They are not afraid of many diseases and parasites. At the same time, they give 300 eggs a year, weighing 60 g each. A feature of the breed is that it does not require special conditions or care.
  6. High line - calm, simple birds with brown or brown feathers. In a year with one chicken you can get 350 eggs with a dense shell, of excellent quality.
  7. Kuchinsky Anniversary despite the main egg direction, it often reaches a weight of 3 kg, and therefore they can be diluted additionally and to produce tasty meat. Sweep Kuchinsky Anniversary chickens start from 6 months. And in the year they give 220 eggs weighing 60 g each.
  8. Tetra have an atypical view of egg hens. Their sizes are medium, the comb hangs a little, the tail is small. Begin to rush to 140-145 day of life. 250 eggs of excellent quality are given each year, for which they are valued by breeders.
  9. Minorca was bred by Spanish breeders, and over time the British improved it. From 5 months they begin to nestle intensively and already in the first year you can get 160 white eggs (55 g each) from a female.

What are the disadvantages of egg hens?

Breed Hisex

The advantages of chicken egg directions are often their disadvantages.

  • If the breeder wants to get meat in addition to eggs, you should pay attention to chickens from the meat-producing direction. They rush not much less, but they weigh an order of magnitude more. The breed of chickens belongs to the meat line: Foxy Chick, Dominant.
  • All egg breeds are highly active. They run a lot, move, can even fly over low fences. This quality can bring a lot of trouble. Breeders have to cost entire arenas so that birds do not run off the site, do not get on the road, do not hurt their paws, and do not attract the attention of predators.
  • The best breeds of laying hens do not eat much, but the feed must be nutritious and should be given often. After the next egg-laying, the hen needs nourishment, so it is important to constantly monitor that there is at least some food in the feeder.
  • The greatest benefits of egg breeds bring only in 1-2 years of life. Then their content becomes unprofitable and therefore they are slaughtered. However, not all such breeds have tasty meat, so when choosing it is worth paying attention to this criterion.
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