Chicken dung is an excellent organic type fertilizer. It improves the composition and quality of the earth, nourishes the plants. It is used as a fertilizer for soil in early spring or for winter, as well as for feeding garden and garden crops. However, litter can also harm if used incorrectly. So before testing on a site or plants, it is worth getting acquainted with this tool and studying how and for what crops to use it.
Benefits of chicken manure as fertilizer
The capacity of the nutritional components of chicken droppings is not inferior to most mineral fertilizers. It is recommended for both garden and vegetable garden. Listed below are the advantages of chicken manure and some of its disadvantages.
Chicken droppings as fertilizer
- Chicken droppings are poorly washed out of the soil, unlike minerals.
- It does not acidify the soil and does not contain an abundance of nitrates.
- It contains an abundance of nitrogen (1.5-1.9%), phosphorus (3 times more than in cow manure) and potassium (in soluble form).
- It is a non-toxic product, organic, not harmful to the environment.
- Not caking during storage.
- It has a long action. Chicken droppings decompose in the ground for 3 years!
- Reduces the risk of mold on the surface of the earth.
- Suitable for many garden and horticultural crops as a fertilizer.
- Improves soil quality.
- Allows you to reduce the maturation of the crop by 10-15 days.
- It increases the resistance of crops to various environmental factors, including diseases, pests.
- Litter is convenient to store.
- With proper breeding does not burn the roots of plants.
As for the disadvantages, it is worth noting that chicken manure is a very concentrated fertilizer. It is much more nutritious than cow and even horse manure, so they use it in a small dosage. Before use, you must ensure that the dressing is suitable for the plant and that the concentration is low. After all, if you exceed the permissible dose, the culture may die.
Also in fresh fertilizer weed seeds, pathogenic bacteria and microorganisms can be found. Such a substance has a not very pleasant smell, so it is usually necessary to store it away from the site or under a thick film.
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Granulated droppings are sold in specialized agricultural stores. It is usually sold in bags of different weights. If desired, you can also purchase the required quantity by weight. This is a completely natural product made from simple chicken manure. There are no chemical additives that can harm plants or the earth.
On the photo granulated chicken droppings
To make the granules, manufacturers take clean manure from impurities and dirt and heat it up to 600 degrees to get rid of moisture, odor, weed seeds, harmful bacteria.
The resulting dry mixture is pressed into granules and packaged. There is also a method of low-temperature dehydration. It allows you to save 100% of the nutrients in the litter. Dry, granulated chicken droppings are not worse in quality than fresh ones and it is very convenient to store them, so it is considered that they have no minuses.
How to store chicken droppings?
Chicken manure must be able to not only properly use, but also to store. The fact is that this concentrated fertilizer during the decay emits 0.62 cubic meters of gases, which are 60% methane. Ammonia is present in this gas, which is known to be harmful to cultivated plants. Also in the waste of chickens up to 2% lime, which affects the acidity of the earth.
Chicken litter photo
It is recommended to store chicken droppings on the peat litter for a short time or in a compacted compost heap (if you have to lay the litter for a long time). In order for the litter to ripen faster (it was suitable for use), it is placed in loose compost heaps, where cow, horse, sheep or rabbit manure is stored in layers. The layer of each manure should reach 4-6 cm, then after 45 days you can use compost. If, however, it is possible to compact such a pile, then it can lie and mature for more than 6 months.
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In order for chicken manure as a fertilizer to benefit, not harm, it is necessary to use it for those crops that respond positively to it. So which plants prefer chicken droppings as feedings?
Fertilizer bird droppings
The described fertilizer is recommended for: garlic, cruciferous, root crops, eggplants, raspberries, onions, tomatoes, strawberries, fruit trees and flowers. In some cases, the method of making litter may differ. For example, in green cultures, the remedy is usually introduced in the initial period of development, because during intensive growth, top dressing can lead to damage to the taste and aroma of greenery.
It is not recommended to feed plants with chicken droppings that love sour soil. A bad reaction to this dressing is usually observed in camellias, heather, blueberries, rhododendron, azaleas.
How to apply chicken droppings?
To use chicken manure as fertilizer or fertilizer can be several methods.
Chicken droppings as fertilizer
- Fresh fertilizer is collected in the hen house and used for fertilizer. However, such a substance may contain many harmful microorganisms, weed seeds, and even disease. So you need to bring it into the ground with great care.
- Liquid fertilizer is made at the rate of 1 part of fertilizer for 15-20 parts of water. The land is watered before use, then fertilizer is applied. It is poured only on the ground - on the plants it is impossible, because it is harmful. Under each plant (regardless of the type) is usually poured up to 1 liter of the substance.
- Concentrated solution is made for the whole season. Water and litter are mixed in a ratio of 1: 1 and infused in a closed bottle for 3 days. To prepare the working composition for 10 liters of pure water, only 1 liter of this solution is taken, mixed and introduced into the aisle.
- Granulated droppings are usually used dry (scattered on the ground). Only 100 grams of granules will be more than enough per square meter. It is very important to ensure that the plants do not touch the fertilizer. Sometimes they make from granules and solutions. Part of the fertilizer is taken 50 parts of water.
- Chicken manure compost can be made by mixing manure with peat, sawdust, or ash. Sometimes it also interferes with other types of manure. It takes about 1.5 months to decay, but it can be less. Since the smell during this process is not pleasant, it is desirable to cover a bunch of thick film. For successful rotting, you can make a compost pit, where each of the components are stacked alternately in a small layer.
Garden fertilizer chicken droppings in spring
Due to the high nutrient concentration in chicken litter, this fertilizer must be used with extreme caution. Depending on the time of year, it can be used as a top dressing for various garden crops and should be applied in a certain form.
Cooking chicken manure
Tomatoes are fed chicken droppings only in spring, while they are small. Usually, up to 4 kg of litter leaves per square meter of planting - it is scattered on the ground or buried in the soil before planting. In summer, you can feed only until the fruits appear by means of low concentration liquid solutions. Fertilizer is poured into the aisle, and not under the bushes, because adult tomatoes easily get burns, even from light fertilizers.Interesting! If during the application of top dressing from the litter, the stalks of tomatoes began to get fat, the dressing should be stopped immediately and within 1-2 weeks not to feed the plant at all, but only to water it abundantly.
Also, greens, strawberries, raspberries are recommended to be fed in the spring with solutions of litter or fresh (dried) fertilizer. In this case, they go faster in growth and give 25-40% more yield!
Fresh chicken litter or granulated, is usually brought in the ground only in spring before planting seedlings. 1 kg of a substance is enough per square meter, and then it is evenly distributed with a rake or sap. It is advisable to dry it in the sun or in a stove before putting it into the ground.
In the spring and summer period, litter solutions are used, but there is one nuance. The fact is that the majority of cultivated plants are not good at feeding manure during the active growing season, so it is best to make it only in spring and autumn.
Fertilizer chicken droppings in the fall
In the autumn months, chicken manure as fertilizer and fertilizer is literally necessary at the dacha. It can be used in different ways, depending on the period and type of crops. In addition, only certain types of such fertilizers are recommended in the autumn period.
Chicken droppings as fertilizer
- Pumpkin plants should be fertilized with droppings in early autumn. In this case, the plant with the already formed tops after feeding gives all the nutrients to the ripening of the fruit.
- Potatoes are fed with fresh chicken manure only in autumn! Per square meter takes about 2 kg of fresh fertilizer.
- Greens are also recommended to feed in the fall, so that it does not fade, and continued to give fresh leaves. Up to 2 kg of fresh fertilizer is taken per square meter. You can simply spread the dressing in the aisle and put it in the ground a little with the hoe. It will gradually feed the plants with each watering.
- Flowers in a flower bed should be fed in the fall for a quick recuperation, especially if they bloom several times. In this case, in September, fertilizing is introduced so that before the first frost the culture again pleases with beautiful flowers.
- After fruiting, trees and shrubs are fertilized for the winter with chicken manure compost, however, such supplements are usually applied once every 3 years, because they last for a long time and have a high concentration. If organics are added more often, trees and bushes start to ache.
It is very important to use only dry droppings in the fall, pellets or fresh - not diluted with water. It is possible, and even recommended, to introduce compost. The action of this fertilizer in the fall is aimed at slow absorption and nutrition of the soil, plant recovery. If, however, solutions are used, then there will be little benefit from them during this period of the year, since the plants are almost ready for harvesting, and for the earth the liquid manure has a weak concentration.