Cultivation of agricultural poultry products implies serious responsibility. Proper nutrition for animals is as necessary as for humans. The diet of the sheep is calculated based on the characteristics of the animal, its age, condition, and also the season. So before you feed the sheep with one or another food, you need to be convinced of its benefits for the animal.
What is the diet of sheep?
The diet of the sheep can be very diverse. However, before you feed the sheep with anything or make a menu, you should decide what they can eat at all.
Sheep diet can be very diverse.
- Succulent feed - the basis of nutrition of sheep. This includes green grass (clover, wheat grass, nettle, dandelions, plantain, etc.) and silage. Sheep themselves produce green food while walking. If there is no grazing, the breeder must mow the grass and feed it in a stall. Sheep feed on young twigs, pagons from bushes and trees (apple, aspen, birch, cherry, plum, pear, honeysuckle, poplar, ash, hazel, willow and others), so their presence on the field will only be useful. Among the dangerous grasses for sheep it is worth mentioning spurge, henbane, celandine, dope, hemlock, lily of the valley. They should not be on pasture! The silo is harvested by the farmer independently or purchased as needed.
- Root vegetables are one of the main sources of vitamins, minerals. They have a positive effect on the intestines, so they should be given to the sheep without fail. So, how to feed sheep from root vegetables? Beets, winter rape, carrots, turnips, potatoes, oilseed radish, rape are the best option for sheep.
- Vegetables (zucchini and pumpkin) in the diet play an important role. They are ideal sources of vitamins, have a positive effect on the mass of the animal and the activity of its growth.
Interesting! It is harmful for sheep to eat food with dew. It acts as a delicacy, very tender, tasty, but leads to heaving.
- Rough feed is extremely necessary in winter, as well as in early spring and late autumn, as it is a dry version of green food, without which not a single diet of sheep is complete. These include straw (from oats, wheat, vetch, alfalfa, millet, barley), hay (wheat grass, wheatgrass, vetch, clover, alfalfa, sweet clover, and the like). Hayage is also considered a rough feed - grass dried up to 50% and preserved in hermetic containers. Its peculiarity is that it retains most of the benefits of green grass. For sheep it is a special treat in the winter.
- Concentrated feed contains a lot of energetically valuable substances and is, like juicy feed, the basis of the diet. Concentrated feeds include: cereals (wheat, barley, oats), legumes, bran, oilcake, meal, corn and mixed feed. The latter acts as a separate food, but before feeding the sheep feed you can try to make their own homemade mixture of cereals and other products listed above. If you keep the proportions, they will not yield nutrient to the feed.
- Mineral supplements (salt, chalk, bone meal) are usually calculated individually, depending on the age, gender, characteristics of the sheep. In the stall, the animal must have stone-lizuny, which include not only salt, but also some vitamins, minerals.
Interesting! If a sheep licks the hands and feet of the owner, it means that it lacks salt in the body.
- Animal supplements are necessary mainly for females during gestation or the raising of offspring. These include whey, cottage cheese, milk, eggs (chicken).
- Water should always be in the stall. If walking a sheep for a long time, you can make a trough with water and grazing.
What to feed the sheep at home?Read also these articles.
- The benefits and harm of guinea fowl eggs
- Korean cucumbers for the winter
- Blagovarskaya breed ducks (cross)
- Gooseberry Russian yellow
Sheep feeding on large and small farms is significantly different. In large farms they are given more feed and artificial feed, hay, silage. On small farms, sheep nutrition is more natural. Most of the day they graze on the street, get their own food, and towards evening they go to a stall, where they are fed with roughage and mixed vegetables and vegetables with added minerals and vitamins.
Feeding sheep at home is easy.
Interesting! If the sheep refuse to eat this or that root crop, it is worth making mash bags from all the root crops, and not to give them separately.
In the spring, feeding the sheep is not as expensive as in the winter. The grass is growing rapidly and the sheep are quickly switching to free-range feeding. However, in the first month they need to be supplemented with hay so that the stomach gradually gets used to the green grass! One adult sheep needs to spend at least 150 grams of concentrated feed per day in the spring. For meat sheep increase the amount to 600 grams per day. 150-250 grams of mash are also a mandatory part of the diet.
In the summer of sheep, 80-85% of the food is received on a walk (this is on average up to 7 kg of grass). Greens play a major role for them at this time. In order for the sheep to have enough greenery, breeders must either sow the field with useful herbs themselves, or purchase pastures rich in greens. Young individuals weaned (4-9 months) eat up to 4 kg of greens per day, 200 g of root crops, hay and concentrates.
Interesting! It is most profitable in the summer to walk sheep within 13 hours a day. In this case, the breeder can well save on additional feed, issued in the stall.
In the autumn, the nutritional value of the grass is reduced, so it needs to be compensated for by giving hay and silage to animals. One adult sheep spends about 3 kg of hay per day, 4 kg of root crops and vegetables, not counting mineral supplements.
Interesting! The standards of feed and different products may differ for animals of different ages, sexes. Even producing sheep and simple sheep do not feed equally. It is this versatile approach to the diet of animals that allows you to get the maximum benefit from raising sheep.
What to feed the sheep in winter?
In winter, sheep need a lot of care and a lot of useful food. Since there is no fresh greens in winter, sheep may lack vitamins. But what to feed the sheep instead of green? Green food comes to replace hay and silage. On one sheep per day takes about 3-4 kg of silage. In addition, you must also give up to 4 kg of hay.
In winter, sheep need a lot of care and a lot of useful food.
There are not many vitamins in winter, animals often suffer from a lack of nutrients. Ensure a constant flow of vitamins can be through the roots. Potatoes are usually boiled for these purposes, and all other root vegetables can be given raw in chopped or grated form. 300-400 g per day of root crops and vegetables, concentrated feed, minerals can provide sheep with the norm of useful substances.
Interesting! Raw potatoes can cause a sheep stomach to swell up!
Feeding a ramWe recommend reading our other articles.
- Pietrain breed pigs
- Duck Agidel
- Variety Garlic Gulliver
- Cherry variety Shpanka
In order for the reproductive system of the ram not to fail, it is necessary to ensure that it is properly fed. To eat a ram-producer should be much bigger and better than a simple ram. Therefore, as a rule, several individuals are isolated from the herd and give them an improved diet. This will save the breeder. But how to feed the sheep to maintain reproductive function?
To eat a ram producer should be much bigger and better than a simple ram.
For an adult sheep, not less than 2 kg of high-quality hay, 3 kg of greenery or silage, 600 g of grain (concentrated feed) and about 300-400 g of root vegetables and vegetables are needed. But this is a daily ration, and during mating you need to increase its nutritional value. Hay give only 500 g, concentrated feed give about 2 kg, animal supplements are introduced (200 g of cottage cheese and 2 eggs). Vegetables and root vegetables should be no more than 500 grams per day. It is also important to monitor the presence of minerals in the diet.
Eating sheep after lambing
Pregnant and lactating females receive enhanced feeding, enriched with vitamins, so necessary for the body of the animal and the baby. Birth and lactating sheep need a lot of green fodder. As a rule, one female per day eats up to 9 kg of greenery! Hay is given a variety! Approximately 500 grams of hay from cereals, 300 grams of legumes, and 500 grams of straw. Knowing how to feed the females after the cat, you can improve her condition. It is good at this time to help sheep to recover animal feed (100 g of cottage cheese, 1-2 eggs / day).
Feeding females after lambing requires special attention.
The milk content of females directly depends on the number of root crops in the diet. Therefore, after lambing, root crops are necessarily included in the nutrition of young mothers. Vegetables and greens in winter give up to about 3 kg in total. In spring and summer, the number of root crops ranges from 300-500 g.
And what to feed the sheep after lambing except roots, greens and hay? Concentrated feed is given in the amount of 300 g per individual. Minerals should also be present in the diet. Typically, pregnant females buy vitamins, but if there are none, you can give a mixture of minerals (salt, chalk, bone meal) in the amount of 15 g / day.