Palma Hamedoreya (Chamaedorea)


Hamedorea is a palm tree that can be grown indoors, because it grows low. Mexico is the birthplace of culture; for the first time it was taken from there to study in 1873. The flower is unpretentious, but requires certain conditions. So before buying it is important to study the characteristics of Hamedorea and especially its cultivation.

Description of Hamedorei Palm

Hamedorea (Chamaedorea) is a very beautiful plant. It can grow in height to 2 meters in a natural environment, but indoor species are usually much smaller. The leaves grow by 30-60 cm, depending on the age of the palm. Young twigs are light green, but over time they become more saturated, green in color. The lifespan of a culture is not less than 5 years, and under proper conditions it is much longer.

Hamedorea in nature can grow in height up to 2 m

Important! Hamedorea is growing very slowly - this is a feature of the room palm, so waiting for active growth, even when fertilizing, is meaningless. In the year she can give only 2-3 new twigs!

Palma produces very unusual flowers. Peduncle is a green twig, covered with small flowers. It looks like a mimosa flower - it contrasts nicely with green foliage. The fragrance can be strong or mild, depending on the type of flower. After the inflorescences appear small fruits, resembling berries.

Hamedorei species

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There are several varieties of Hamedorei, which are grown in residential conditions.

  • Hamedorea Graceful or Neanta is beautiful, Elegans - grows up to 2 meters high. Approximately 77 stalks with a diameter of 3 cm can grow from one root. Culture gives the first flowers 3-4 years after planting. Flowers yellow. It is an unpretentious, easy-to-grow look.

    It looks like a mimosa flower

  • Bridgeball - A modern Hamedorei Elegans hybrid. According to the characteristics, they are almost identical, but Hamedorea Bridble has larger, fragrant flowers and emerald leaves. In height, it does not grow more than 1.5 meters.

Interesting! Very often flower growers plant several plants in one pot. Thus, get a beautiful, lush bush. [/ Su_box]

  • Hamedorea Ernest-Augusta gives aerial roots. The leaves are shaped like a pointed heart. The appearance of the culture is unusual, hence the great demand for it.
  • Hamedorea monochrome - low palm for the house. The leaves are thin, but not short. Blooms simple, yellow buds.
  • Hamedorea Zeyfritz - large, sprawling palm tree, up to 3 meters in height. Suitable for growing in apartments and houses with high ceilings. This species is very demanding on moisture!

Hamedorei Transplant

Photo Hamedorei Monochrome

Transplant after purchase is carried out in about a week. By this time, the plant will get used to the new place and will be able to transfer such a procedure without any problems. All subsequent transplants of a young plant are done once a year, in early spring. The pot is taken not large - best Hamedorea grows, if the capacity for growth is cramped.

When the plant is already large, transplantation will be required once every 3-4 years, but if the palm tree is very high, then it is possible not to do transplants at all so as not to harm. In this case, once a year the top layer of the earth is removed and a new, nutritious soil is poured in its place.

Interesting! When buying this plant, it is necessary to give preference to those flowers that have fresh leaves and young growth. The tips of the leaves should not be brown!

Land for transplantation should be loose. Usually 1 part of peat is taken on 3 parts of turf. You can also add minerals so that the soil is nutritious. First, drainage is poured into the pot, and then some earth. From the old pot get a plant, the old earth from the roots can be slightly harvested, but very carefully, so as not to harm the palm. Now you need to place the culture in the middle of the new pot and begin to sprinkle it gradually with soil. All roots must be underground!

Leaf Form Hamedorei Ernest-August

Watering transplanted Hamedorey not worth it. For 2 days it is recommended to put it in the shade, without watering, in order to successfully undergo the rooting process, and the plant got used to the new pot and soil. Then you can return the plant to its original place and water.

Palm care at home

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According to many gardeners, hamedorea is an unpretentious and strong indoor flower. Not only a professional in their field, but also an aspiring amateur grower will be able to care for her. So, what conditions does a room palm tree require for normal development?

  • Hamedoreya humidity is high in winter and summer. So that the plant does not suffer, it is important to wipe the leaves once a week with a damp cloth or sponge. The water for this procedure is taken soft, warm. You can also spray the crop or just put a container with water next to the pot.
  • The average temperature acceptable for Hamedorei is +16 degrees. In winter, it can go down to +13 degrees, and in summer it can go up to +27 degrees.
  • The plant is light-loving, but direct sunlight is dangerous to it. You can put it on the west, east window or just in the middle of the room. A plant in principle and in the shade will be nice, but you need to take into account that in the shade it grows even slower.

    Hamedorea is a light-loving plant, but direct sunlight is dangerous

  • Home care presupposes mainly timely watering. This plant reacts badly to the lack of moisture! In the summer, they irrigate about 2-3 times a week, and in the winter - once a week. Check whether you need to make water is very simple - if the earth has become crumbly, very light, then you need to add water. Watering is carried out either by a simple method - on the ground, or they dip a pot in a container with water so that the soil is thoroughly soaked.
Important! You can not allow stagnant water in the pot, otherwise the root system will rot.
  • The plant can grow in the kitchen, dining room, bedroom, it does not suffer from smoke, carbon monoxide, but it is important to regularly ventilate the room where the flower stands.
  • Throughout the summer, once every 2 weeks, liquid fertilizer should be applied to the soil for indoor plants.
  • Trimming is not necessary. Only dry, dried from the age of the leaves, you can remove with a sharp knife or tear (sometimes they break off easily), as close as possible to the stem.
  • From time to time it is worthwhile to turn the pot with hamedorea around its axis so that the leaves on it grow evenly.

Diseases and pests on the palm

Problems in growing Hamedorei can occur in the event of a disease, pest, or simply improper care.

Photo of Hamedorei Zeyfritz

  • Culture does not grow when it is too cold, humid, or if there is not enough nutrients in the earth.
  • Leaves wilt, curl and die - a sign of high temperature. The plant should be moved to a cooler place and increase the humidity.
  • The tips of the leaves have become brown - the culture is very dry, or direct sunlight falls on it.
Interesting! Hamedorea quickly adapts to new growing conditions, and decorates any room with its elegant look.
  • If the leaves first turned yellow, then fell off, and a thin cobweb is seen from their back side, the matter is in a spider mite. The plant must be treated with Intavir, Karbofos or Derris.
  • When a scythe or a scarlet appears, the plants are manually harvested from pests and then treated with a solution of soap. You can use the insecticides proposed above.

    Photos of blooming Hamedorei

  • Root rot appears due to heavy, frequent watering. You can cope with it through the use of fungicides (Trichodermin, Zineb, Alirin-B).
  • The leaves rot from below, near the ground and fall down - the reason is high humidity, low temperature. The pot must be moved to a warm place and stop watering for a while so that the earth dries out.
  • Dry leaves below - this is a natural process, and do not worry. In particular, it is often observed after transplanting plants.

Hamedorei breeding

Hamedorea propagated by seed, in early spring. It should be remembered that the seeds of a culture very quickly lose their qualities. With each passing month, the chance that a seed will germinate decreases by 10%. So it is best to conduct sowing immediately after collecting the seeds!

Interesting! Professional growers practice cultivating Hamedorei using hydroponics.

Breeding can be done using root processes.

Before sowing, the seeds are freed from the pulp, soaked in water for 7 days and then sown in the substrate of sand, peat. They germinate them at a temperature of +27 ... +30 degrees and high humidity. During sowing, seeds are only slightly pressed into the ground - no need to sprinkle with earth! The room must be regularly ventilated. The first shoots can appear in 2 months and a year later - this is unpredictable. When the leaves are up to 4 cm in length, you can plant sprouts in different pots with the same soil mixture, and after 4 months the procedure is repeated, only the ground is taken for adult plants.

Reproduction can be carried out using the root processes (if any). They are simply seated in separate containers as they appear. You can also apply the method of dividing the bush (for some species). To do this, take out an adult palm tree from a pot and divide it with the earth into several parts. After that, it remains to plant these parts in separate pots and provide them with proper care.

Hamedorea is a very beautiful indoor plant. Despite its slow growth, it improves mood with its bright green foliage and flowering. And although care at home is not laborious for her, it is important to provide the culture with sufficient irrigation and air humidity so that it can develop normally and does not hurt.