Beekeeping

Common turkey poult diseases and their treatment

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When breeding turkeys, the breeder sooner or later faces the diseases of the young. At a young age, birds are subject to a huge number of diseases due to a weak immune system. If they are not treated and vaccinated in time, at the first infectious disease, all the livestock of turkeys in the compound may die out. Diseases of poults, their symptoms, treatment and prevention will be discussed in the article below.

Infectious diseases of turkey poults and treatment

Infectious diseases are very dangerous, as they can lead to infection of all birds and mass extinction. Not all turkey poults diseases listed below are treated, but everything can be prevented by a number of preventive measures.

Infectious diseases of turkey poults

  • Pullorosis - white bacillary diarrhea spreads through personal contact with a sick individual, drinkers, feeders. Mortality - 70%. Turkey poults are most susceptible to it up to 20 days. Symptoms: heavy breathing, constant squeaking, constantly closed eyes, white, frothy droppings with an unpleasant, strong smell, the fluff around the cloaca is stuck together from liquid stool. Treat turkeys chloramphenicol, sulfadimezinom, tetracycline, furatsilinom, furazolidone. For the prevention of young animals watered with vitamin A, often remove the cells, deposited from adult turkeys.
  • Paratyphoid - turkey poult disease affecting chicks from 3 to 30 days. Mortality - 80%. Symptoms: diarrhea, inactivity, drowsiness, lowered wings, shaky gait, tearing, eyelids bonding, thirst, poor appetite. Treat illness with mepatarom, trimerazine, lautetsinom. And for the prevention of giving biomitsin and furazolidone during the first 10 days of life turkeys.
  • Infectious sinusitis affects young animals from a month old and older. Occurs under poor conditions of maintenance (lack of vitamins, cold, damp). Symptoms: inflammation of the mucous membranes in the form of a tumor, where pus accumulates. The disease is treated with water-soluble tylane, furazolidone, oxytetracycline, streptomycin. Prevention measures - cleanliness in the turkey brood and brooder, lack of drafts, cold, providing chicks with vitamins A and D.
  • Histomoniasis - black head. This is a common disease of turkeys up to 3 months. The disease provokes inflammation of the cecum and liver. Sick individuals almost do not eat, but just stand hunched over. 2 days later they have diarrhea, blackens in the head and legs (due to improper circulation). The treatment consists of furazolidone and metronidazole. And give it to healthy birds, so as not to get infected.
  • Hemophillosis or infectious rhinitis most often seen in individuals that are not 4 months old. The disease is very contagious, it is transmitted through dirty equipment, feeders, drinkers and, of course, sick birds. Manifested in the form of inflamed eyes, larynx, nasal cavity. Fluid is secreted from the nasal openings; there may be shortness of breath, wheezing, lacrimation, weak appetite. This disease is not treated, therefore all sick individuals need to be destroyed. But it is possible to carry out prophylaxis with inhalations of iodine vapor and chlorine-turpentine.

What noncommunicable diseases are turkeys?

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Non-contagious diseases of turkey poults are not as dangerous as infectious ones, but they are more common.

  • Enteritis affects poults between 6 and 12 weeks of age. In fact, it is an inflammation of the intestinal mucous membranes. The reason is always bad food, so prevention is to give the poults only high-quality grain and mash. Symptoms: loss of appetite, indigestion. The treatment is very simple - you need to provide the young growth with good food, and the birds will get better themselves.
  • Hypovitaminosis comes due to a lack of vitamins in the body of turkeys. Symptoms: inflammation of the eyes, discharge from the nose, rickets, lacrimation. The treatment is carried out by injecting a complex of vitamins.

Do not forget about the parasites. Ticks, fleas, lice, worms of all possible species can not only cause death, but also the appearance of the disease in the turkey, as they are carriers of infections. The easiest method of getting rid of parasites is disinfection of the room; you can also treat the birds with special preparations that the veterinarian prescribes.

What advise breeders?

The most difficult thing in growing turkey poults is the first 10 days of their life. It is during this period that they are subject to a mass of diseases, plus weakness and small size increase the risk of injury. So these days they need close attention and care.

The room where turkey poults are kept should be dry and warm.

The room where they are kept should be dry and warm. If the poults do not lump together, are mobile, then they are quite satisfied with the microclimate. It is desirable to keep them in cells, or boxes with a mesh floor. If the floor is in a small cell 1x1 cm, then the chicks will not be able to peck the litter, which, one way or another, interferes with food on the floor, as it will simply fall out of the cage. But it is important that the cell was small, otherwise the legs of the young will fall through the lattice, and here sprains and fractures are not excluded.

Any diseases of turkey poults have their own symptoms, it is important to closely monitor the young, so as not to miss its or other signs. And as soon as they are noticed, it is necessary to call the vet and begin treatment.

Prevention of turkey poult disease

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Turkeys are rather weak birds in terms of health, especially their offspring, which has thin limbs and an undeveloped immune system. That is why it is worth taking preventive measures to somehow reduce the risk of disease of turkey poults.

  • In the turkey brood and where the young are kept should always be clean. Litter, remnants of scattered food, mold on the walls - all this is a favorite medium of disease, do not forget about it. About once every 3 months it is necessary to disinfect the turkey and brooder.

    In a brooder where youngsters are kept, it should always be clean.

  • Humidity should be within normal limits, as well as temperature. Drafts should be completely avoided - to close all the cracks, close the vents, if necessary, because young individuals quickly catch cold.
  • Grow turkeys must be separated from adult birds. This will keep turkey poultry diseases in the event of their appearance and will help to avoid infection from adult turkeys.
  • Before settling the young in a large room, new cells or brooder, the latter must be well disinfected, washed with soap.
  • Food should always be fresh, high-quality, free from mold, fungi, unpleasant smell, which can occur during long-term storage.
  • The remains of food are always thrown away before serving a new portion of food, from them turkeys often have constipation and frustration. Feeders and drinkers are washed before each feeding.

    From time to time you need to inspect the poults for the presence of diseases, injuries, any physical abnormalities.

  • From time to time you need to inspect the poults for the presence of diseases, injuries, any physical abnormalities. If you find any signs of illness, the individual is deposited in a separate brooder and call the veterinarian to draw up a treatment plan.

In addition, so that the poults do not hurt, it is necessary to vaccinate them from diseases since birth. Vaccinated usually from the most common infectious diseases. You can carry out the procedure in any veterinary clinic or simply call the doctor at home.

VIDEO - Prevention of diseases in poults from 6 to 45 days

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