Sweet pepper is often grown in vegetable gardens due to its high cost and nutritional value. Pepper Californian miracle is one of the most popular varieties for planting. It adapts well to any growing conditions, climate, gives large, fleshy fruits and high yields. It is about this form will be discussed below in the article.
Variety Description California miracle
California miracle - mid-season variety. From planting to fruit ripening takes an average of 120-130 days. The bush grows low - 60-70 cm.
Under good conditions, up to 10 kg of crop can be harvested per square meter. Each fruit has a mass of 80-160 grams - the weight of the vegetable depends largely on the care of the plant. Pepper cubic, with clear edges. The skin is glossy, dense, making the vegetable easy to transport over long distances. Initially it has a green color, but when fully matured it becomes saturated red.
Variety Description California miracle
Wall thickness - 8 mm or slightly less. The flesh is fleshy, firm, not friable, with a bite a slight crunch is heard. The taste is pleasant, juicy, a little sweet. Suitable for fresh use or processing for the winter, selling, cooking all sorts of dishes, including stuffed peppers.
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Seeds right in the open ground is not practiced to plant. Usually seedlings are prepared in advance. It simplifies growing. The seedling is done from February, and it is planted in the ground around June, that is, in “greenhouse” conditions, young shoots are grown for 3 months.
Growing pepper seedlings California miracle
Seeds of pepper varieties Californian miracle before planting carefully prepared to appear seedlings faster. To do this, they are kept for 2 hours in warm water (+50 degrees), then wrapped in cotton fabric (gauze, paper napkin) and left for 1-2 days in a warm room. You can put them in the battery, but in this case, every 3 hours you need to check the humidity of the fabric, if it dries out, it is sprinkled with water.
Since diving seedlings can damage sprouts, seeds are immediately sown in peat or any other cups, with a prepared soil mixture (earth, sand, humus in the ratio 1: 1: 2). In order to reduce the risk of seed infection by diseases, you can add a little wood ash to the ground or just pour a weak solution of potassium permanganate.
Pepper seeds are embedded in the ground to a depth of 1.5 cm and poured with water. Now there are cups covered with a film, you can thin glass, and put in a dark, warm place. It is important to note that at temperatures up to 18 degrees heat shoots may not appear!
After the sprouts appear, the glass is removed, and the crops are placed on the windowsill, the balcony (the southern side is desirable) and the temperature in the room is maintained at 23-26 degrees. Approximately 2-3 weeks before transplanting sprouts to a permanent place is hardened. In the afternoon for a few hours (2-3 will be enough) they are taken out onto the street or simply open a window on the balcony. And at night you need to leave a slightly open window. But this must be done provided that there is no severe frost on the street, otherwise the seedlings may freeze.
How and when to plant seedlings in open ground?
Planting pepper seedlings in open ground
Planting in open ground is carried out in May-June - when there will be stable warm weather outside without night frosts and significant temperature fluctuations.
The California miracle pepper grows on any type of soil, but light soil is best, of course. From autumn or 2 weeks before transplantation, it is prepared, fertilized, dug up. Approximately 1 week before planting, you can add copper sulfate to disinfect the earth, loosen it.
The holes for the bushes are made according to the 40x40 cm scheme - economically, but convenient for the plant. The same scheme is used for planting in the greenhouse. Nothing is added to the wells if the soil has been fertilized in advance. Depth of embedding sprouts should be the same as in the pots from which they pull. In this case, it is very convenient to use peat pots, they are simply put in the hole along with the plant - the roots are not damaged.
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Now a little about the care of pepper California miracle, it directly affects the yield of each sprout.
- Watering is especially needed before flowering, then it can be reduced.
- Feeding is carried out several times per season. But it is important not to abuse minerals.
Further pepper care
- Mulching is important only in the summer when it is especially hot. It allows you to retain moisture and nutrients in the ground, the soil does not crack, the weed grows less.
- If the upper shoots are very long and darken the lower flowers and vegetables, they should be cut or cut off. This procedure is carried out throughout the flowering and ripening of fruits. But it is important not to cut off too many pagons - so you can completely lose the harvest.
What kind of diseases and pests to fear?
Diseases and pests significantly reduce the yield of the California miracle pepper. They are used for preventive treatment in the spring, in the middle of summer with folk remedies or specialized substances, but only when the problem has already manifested itself.
Common diseases of pepper
Late blight, black leg, macroporiosis, white and top rot, septorioz - those diseases with which every gardener growing pepper is familiar. It is also worth being prepared for the “attacks” of slugs, whitefly, aphids, Colorado potato beetle and Medvedka.
From the bear you can get rid of the gulf of the hole for planting seedlings for an hour with water. But this is not always effective - the pest can return. Spraying with any folk remedy (ash, soap solution, serum infusion) can be repeated 2-3 times throughout the season. After spraying, before it or just from time to time, it is worth “dusting” the plants and earth with wood ash - this is an excellent disinfectant.
How to harvest and store crops?
Crop harvested, consumed and recycled as ripening. Some gardeners collect seeds from the fruit for planting next year. It is quite realistic to implement, but it is worth resorting to tricks to get a varietal culture, not a mixture.
As the pepper develops, the California miracle often pereopilyatsya with other varieties, changing the quality of the fruit, but this can be avoided. To collect the seeds, a separate bush is usually begged. With the advent of buds, it should be covered with a small greenhouse, so that it does not pereopylâls ′ with "neighbors". After the appearance of the ovaries, the shelter is removed. Fruits from this bush and can be used to collect seeds, they will fully comply with the variety.