Vegetable

Melon collective farmer

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“Kolkhoznitsa” is a high-yielding, mid-ripening melon variety that can be grown not only in the southern regions, but also in middle and even northern latitudes. About what the collective farmer melon is sick with, what are its features, the way of cultivation, care will be discussed in the article.

What are the features of the variety?

The Kolkhoznitsa variety was bred back in 1943, and since then the number of its fans has increased thousands of times.

Fruits are round to 1.5 kg, dense, bright yellow with an orange tinge, and sometimes yellow-green, depending on ripeness. There is a mesh pattern, but not dense, rare. The crust is thin, and the flesh is very soft, juicy and sweet of light color. If you melt a melon in time, and she did not oversleep, then when biting off you can hear a characteristic crunch. It has many positive qualities, for which he is valued by gardeners of the whole world.

Melon seeds collective farmer

  • The variety is not a hybrid, so the planting material can be harvested independently from its own crop annually.
  • It is possible to transport only for short distances, as the collective farmer’s melon is stored very poorly.
  • Usually consumed raw, but in some cases canned melons, make them candy, candies, various goodies, including jam. At the same time only the flavor is lost, the taste remains the same.

How to grow melon kolkhoznitsa in the open field?

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Melons ripen within 75-100 days from the moment the seedlings are planted or shoots appear. The period of appearance and ripening of the fruit varies depending on climatic conditions, as well as on where the plant is grown in open ground or not. Moreover, if you plant seedlings or grow a crop in a greenhouse, the time of harvest can be reduced by about 2-3 weeks.

In order to collect a large crop planting plants produced by certain rules.

Growing melons

  1. Since autumn, the soil is cultivated, fertilized, and in spring it only loosens and forms pits. It is important that the earth was not acidic and not weakly acid.
  2. Planting seeds or seedlings is possible only after the temperature of the soil reaches 12-15 degrees above zero.
  3. Before planting the seeds are sorted, good ones should be soaked so that they sprout before planting.
  4. Melon seeds are planted in open ground from late April to early June, depending on soil temperature and the external environment.
  5. After waiting for the warm weather, you can plant seeds in open soil or on seedlings. The second option is recommended in peat cups, so that when transplanting into the ground does not spoil the root system.
  6. If the seedling method was used, then 30 days after their cultivation in cups, you can replant them in open ground.
  7. For planting it is necessary to pave, inside the squares 1x1 meter. There is one hole in each square.
  8. Seedlings are not much deepened, and the first time it is not recommended to fertilize it, so that the plant starts well.

Now it remains only to properly care for the crop and then harvest.

How to care for melon to get a big harvest?

Melon collective farmer grows in almost any climate, but for this you need to provide her good care.

Melon care Kolkhoznitsa

  • Even small plants need an abundance of sunlight. And during the flowering period it is extremely important that the plant is located directly under the sun. If the sun is low, the fruits will not form or will grow poorly.
  • Ideally, the melon is grown on props so that the plant grows upwards, then the fruit will not rot when it touches the ground.
  • From time to time you need to weed the bed, clean up all the extra weeds. This not only preserves the nutrients of the soil for cultivation, but also allows the sun to illuminate almost the entire plant.
  • Fertilizers, if applied, are weak and diluted.
  • Ideally, a light day during fruit ripening should range from 8 to 11 hours. If used for growing greenhouse - it must be artificial lighting.
  • The plant is drought-resistant, but you need to water regularly. In this case, it is watered at the very root, since moisture on the leaves may cause burns on the leaves and on the fruits.

What is sick Kolkhoznitsa melon?

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Processing melon collective farmer

The only significant drawback of the variety is the instability to diseases and pests. If from time to time it does not handle anything - the crop can not wait. Of the most frequent problems noted: powdery mildew, cucumber mosaic, fusarium, spider mite, scoops and wireworm.

The crop with the defeat can be halved, so it is recommended not to start the problem, and treat the culture in time for preventive purposes with popular or specialized means. Then the melon Kolkhoznitsa will delight a bountiful harvest.

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